An extraction is the complete removal of a tooth from the socket in the jawbone. Extractions are performed for a wide variety of reasons. The most common reasons include the following:
When a tooth has decayed enough that it’s beyond saving, you may have to have it extracted to prevent infection from spreading to other areas of the mouth. Although extracting the tooth is the ideal option, sometimes it’s just not possible due to how damaged it is. In these cases, the dentist will place a dental crown over the tooth to act as protection and prevent further breakage and damage.
When removing a tooth, your dentist will numb the area with a local anesthetic and then remove the tooth from the socket in the jawbone. After extraction, gauze will be placed over the empty socket to control any bleeding that may occur. Your dentist may also prescribe an antibiotic to help treat or prevent an infection after tooth extraction.
Impacted Wisdom Teeth
When a tooth is unable to erupt from the gum line, it can be referred to as being impacted. An impaction can occur for a number of reasons, including the overcrowding of the mouth, teeth that are growing in the wrong direction, and congenitally missing teeth. Removing these problem teeth can help to relieve pain and pressure in the jaw, as well as prevent future complications such as infection or crowding.
For patients with crowded teeth, extractions are recommended before orthodontic treatment can begin. After extraction of the teeth, orthodontic appliances may be used to move the affected teeth and close the gaps between teeth.
Types of Extractions
There are a few different types of surgical extractions. Your dentist will determine which type is best for your specific situation. The most common types are:
Simple Extraction: To remove a tooth, the dentist will loosen it using a special tool called an elevator and then remove the tooth with forceps.
Surgical Extraction: When other procedures do not work very well for extracting an impacted wisdom tooth, your orthodontist may recommend surgical extraction. In this procedure, the teeth will be cut into smaller pieces before being removed.
Exodontia: This procedure is used for teeth that are not fully erupted through the gums. The gum tissue over the tooth is removed before the tooth can be extracted.
Caring for your teeth and gums after tooth extraction is important to prevent infection and ensure proper healing. Your dentist can prescribe an antibiotic to treat the infection if necessary. Additionally, your dentist can instruct you on how to care for the extraction site at home and prevent complications like dry sockets. In some cases, patients may experience bleeding at the extraction site. This is common and should resolve on its own within a day or two. However, you should contact your dentist if the bleeding persists or recurs.
Contact Fear Free Dental in Portland, Oregon, for the best dental care. Call the Dentist in Portland, OR at (503) 291-0000 or visit 4455 Sw Scholls Ferry Rd Suite 101 Portland, Oregon, 97225 to schedule an appointment.