What Are the Factors Leading to Gum Disease?

What Are the Factors Leading to Gum Disease?

Gum disease, or periodontal disease, is a common dental condition that affects 75%-85% of the population. It begins when bacteria in the mouth form plaque and tartar on the teeth. If it is not removed, the plaque and tartar buildup can cause an infection in the gums. 

Prevention is key when it comes to avoiding gum disease. Brush your teeth twice a day for two minutes each time. Use a soft-bristled toothbrush and toothpaste containing fluoride. Floss once a day to prevent plaque buildup between teeth. Visit your dentist every six months for a cleaning and checkup. Your dentist can identify early signs of gum disease and recommend treatment to prevent further damage.

There are two main stages of gum disease: gingivitis and periodontitis. Gingivitis is the milder form of gum disease and is reversible. Periodontitis is more severe and can turn into advanced periodontitis. Advanced periodontitis can lead to bone loss, tooth loss, and other serious complications.

Here are a few leading factors that result in gum disease:

Bad Oral Hygiene

Your gums need special care to stay healthy—and brushing alone won’t cut it. Without proper oral hygiene, plaque and tartar buildup can lead to gum disease, the leading cause of tooth loss in adults. Brushing twice a day with fluoride toothpaste, flossing every day, and regular trips to the dentist can help you maintain healthy teeth and gums for life.


If you have a family history of gum disease, it’s important to take extra care of your teeth and gums at home. You should also visit your dentist every six months for routine cleanings. This will help to prevent plaque buildup that can lead to gum disease.

If needed, your dentist may also recommend other treatments like periodontal therapy or gum surgery to treat your gum disease and prevent it from reoccurring.

Tobacco Use

Not everyone who smokes develops gum disease, but tobacco use does increase your risk of developing the condition. In fact, about 80% of adults who smoke have some form of gum disease. The reason tobacco is so harmful is that it not only causes oral cancer but also can weaken the bone and connective tissues that support the teeth. People who don’t smoke but do live with smokers are at a higher risk than those who don’t smoke.

Contact Fear Free Dental in Portland, Oregon, for the best dental care. Call Dentist in Portland, OR at (503) 291-0000 or visit 4455 Sw Scholls Ferry Rd Suite 101 Portland, Oregon, 97225 to schedule an appointment.